Fighting Corruption in the Right way in Nigeria

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Source: ask.naija.ng

Every Nigerian knows how deep corruption has spread its roots across all sectors of the country. Parents pay money for special centres so their children can pass WAEC, NECO and JAMB examinations. Lecturers in higher institutions demand for money or sex from their students in exchange for good grades in their examinations.

In like manner, Police officers and other law enforcement personnel extort Nigerians on many fronts; for instance, policemen demand for as low as ₦50 on highways from road users for them to ignore serious things like proper search of any suspicious vehicle.

In judiciary, judges declare judgement in favour of the highest bidder even in the face of glaring evidence against such judgement. Media organisations in Nigeria are not only corrupt but also serve as medium for promoting corrupt practices, that’s why media houses deliberately falsified information and intentionally formed public opinions to suit their political sponsors.

Corruption in public service in the country is both historical and historic; public servants and civil servants award their ministries, departments and agencies (MDAs) contracts to their private owned companies making the bidding process stipulated in the Public Procurement Act 2007 no effect.

Politicians are the most perpetrator of corrupt practices, they lack principles and integrity that make them to use public resources entrusted to them for private gains. Nigerian politicians have been able to keep the abuse of public resource this long because the major political parties lack principle, no integrity and lack value. This is a country where what a politician or political party did yesterday has low impact on his or its success so far that politician or political party can pay money to gain people supports again.

Private sector is not left behind, too. Private business collaborates with government officers and MDAs either to convert public treasures to private one or to stay away from financial responsibility like paying taxes.

In addition, faith-based institutions have grossly lost their moral grounds. They are using spiritual gifts to accrue material things and they are preaching mainly on such things that lack virtue.

The above examples of corrupt practices in Nigeria are just few out of many corrupt incidents being perpetrated daily in the country.

Apparently, Nigeria is encapsulated by corruption; what do you expect of a society that has lost its values and morals where virtues like integrity, humility, fidelity, temperance, spirituality, diligence, service, courage, justice, patience, industry, modesty and the golden rule are virtually lost to vices like greed, manipulation, over-ambition, impatience, laziness, materialism, forgery, blackmail, embezzlement, nepotism and favourism. What you get is corrupt society and that is the situation in Nigeria.

Yet, there is still hope for a corrupt free Nigeria if the federal government is ready to take the lead in a transparent anti-graft war, which discourages bullying of selected corrupt individuals and businesses. The fight against corruption will be successful if members of the public do not perceive it as bias or one-sided; the credible of this fight is when the institutions saddled with responsibility to fight corruption in the country perform their responsibility with fairness and objectivity.

Fighting corruption is far beyond setting up Presidential Committee on Anti-corruption and heading it with a professor of law, coming up with whistle-blowing policy, and witch-hunting of past public office holders and members of opposition parties.

However, it requires a systematic approach that embraces basic principles of good governance, which can be summed as bolstering commitment, enhancing coordination and encouraging cooperation from both state and non-state actors with integrity as underlying mechanism. This is a better way to fight corruption in Nigeria.

To be continued…

 

 

 

 

 

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One Planet Summit: Nigeria’s Commitment to Addressing Climate Change Effects

According to a report, European Climate Foundation chief and former French climate ambassador Laurence Tubiana calls for higher ambition from the global community in order to meet the goals and targets of the Paris Agreement.

Nearly two years have passed since France’s then-foreign minister, Laurent Fabius, struck his gavel and declared: “The Paris agreement for the climate is accepted.” This week, President Emmanuel Macron and the French government will host world leaders and non-state actors for the One Planet Summit.

The purpose of this gathering is to celebrate climate gains made since 2015, and to boost political and economic support for meeting the goals and targets of the Paris agreement.…

President Muhammadu Buhari and his aids had left for Paris for the summit, which will take place tomorrow 12th December 2017. Seemingly, Nigerian leaders are more committed to conferences, summits and other international events than committing themselves to implementing the outcomes of those events. 

Honestly speaking, there is no need for Mr president to waste scarce resources on travelling for a summit that he has no effective structure to implement the outcomes. Attending such summit therefore, is a big waste of national treasure.

However, the science of climate change is beyond any reasonable doubt, that is why nations of the world are committed to fighting its effects on planet. From all indications, Nigeria is only paying lips service to climate change issues in the country. African countries like Ethiopia and Kenya are leading the way in term of climate change mitigation and adaption, which make them to be taken more seriously by international development partners than Nigeria that access far-less climate finance than either of them.

Climate change in Nigeria is evident in all parts of the country. The weather
pattern is no longer distinct in the country, we have witnessed very hot weather conditions and high precipitations leading to flooding which ruined crops in parts of the country  and created food scarcity; gully erosion has sacked many communities; as a result of persistent drought, the Lake Chad has almost dried up, while there had been persistent desert encroachment in the north.

One major reason why Nigerian government needs to be committed to addressing climate change rather than just attending climate summits is the low score of the country’s climate risk index. Nigeria scores 111.83 that makes the country to rank 122 out of 182 countries.

In addition, from all indication, Nigeria is obviously not ready for climate change adaptation and mitigation. The country ranks 170 of 191 countries in climate change readiness index. If the ranking for readiness is gotten by attending climate conferences and summits, Nigeria will rank first. Therefore, our commitment to climate summits and conferences is not what will adapt to or mitigate against climate change challenges we are facing.

Getting Ready for Climate Change in Nigeria

Every country  or territory that is signatory to the Paris Agreement on climate in 2015 has commenced its readiness by submitting its nationally determined contribution, which Nigeria did.

Nigeria made unconditional commitment to the Agreement of 20 per cent below business as usual (BAU) that is conditional on international support. Meanwhile, Nigeria cannot get international support on climate finance or climate related technical assistance without committing itself to creating enablers through which international supports can easily thrive.

One of the major enablers the government can put in place is making the relevant institutions effective. I had a funny experience few months ago with Federal Ministry of Environment’s  Forestry Department when I went there to make some inquiries on REED+ program, I was surprised that majority of the staff on sit did not have idea of what the program is all about. Therefore, relevant institutions need to be filled with people who are passionate and skilled about climate change, that is one way to build strong climate institution.

In addition to efficient human capital for climate related institutions in Nigeria, innovative data collection should be embarked on by the government. It is good to see how National Bureau of Statistics is aligning with other Ministries, Departments and Agencies on data collection for measuring Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

However, more innovative measures like satellite Imagery, mobile network call records, crowd-sourcing, smart meter technologies and data mining need to be taken and included in national databases for easy access for concerned citizens and development experts. In sum, there are other things like being transparent and accountable and enhancing citizen participation in climate policy implementation that government can do.

It is rational to say that Nigeria leaders should not take attendances at international conferences and summits as end. As far as the One Planet Summit is concerned, both Chinese and Indian leaders are not attending and just 50 leaders of 197 countries and territories that sign up Paris Climate Accord in 2015 are attending . Many of these absentees from the summit are doing better than Nigeria in climate financing and climate change readiness. Therefore, let’s change our focus from meetings to effective implementation of our climate agreement and policy.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Posted in Climate Agreement, Climate change, Climate Finance | Leave a comment

Services, Informality and Productivity in Africa

By Tabea Lakemann, Research Fellow, GIGA Institute of African Affairs and University of Göttingen, and Jann Lay, Acting Director, GIGA Institute of African Affairs, and Head of GIGA Research Programme Growth and Development Learn more about this timely topic at the upcoming 17th International Economic Forum on Africa Economic development and a sustained, broad-based increase in […]

via Services, informality and productivity in Africa — Development Matters

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Building Africa’s Entrepreneurial Culture

By Giulia Ajmone Marsan and Jonathan Potter, OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Local Development and Tourism Learn more about this timely topic at the upcoming 17th International Economic Forum on Africa Register to attend Over the last decade, Africa has witnessed the emergence of a dynamic start-up scene in some of its countries. The district […]

via Building Africa’s entrepreneurial culture — Development Matters

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CITIZENS IN ABUJA AND AROUND THE GLOBE CALL ON WORLD LEADERS TO ACT ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Today, on the 2nd anniversary of the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN, thousands of citizens in more than 100 countries around the world, including Nigeria, raised voices to seek accountability from the world leaders on their commitment made on Agenda 2030 and demanded to #ACT4SDGs.  

Through the We the People ACT4SDGs campaign thousands of campaigners and ordinary citizens have come together around the anniversary in close to a thousand events from Abuja to Lagos to Manila to Buenos Aires to Brussels, Mexico City, Cape Town and Nairobi, to create awareness on the SDGs, highlight local realities, and hold our governments accountable.

Mr Emmanuel Olorunfemi at stunt event in Abuja from Abuja Green Alliance said: “We urge our leaders to #ACT4SDGs and take urgent action to tackle poverty, inequality and climate change. We can work together to create a better, more fair world. Our future, our children’s future, and the future of our planet depend on it.’’

On 25 September 2015, world leaders agreed to a definitive plan for the planet and its people by adopting 17 Sustainable Development Goals. The SDGs are a universal call to act on the challenges our generation face e.g. rising inequality, distressed migration, increasing conflict, sabotage of democratic rights of people over the natural resources, threat to peaceful existence by spread of fundamentalism and terrorism, manifestation of various forms of unrest, rise of nationalism so on and so forth.

If the 193 governments who signed the SDGs hold to their commitments, the results will be extraordinary. In Nigeria the challenges for the achieving the SDGs and the demands to our government are:

  • An end to extreme poverty by 2030 that condemns millions of people, especially women and girls, to an early death, poor education and ill health.
  • A turning point in the soaring levels of inequality and discrimination.
  • An end to a highly corrupt system of governance that siphons public resources for personal gains.
  • Protection of the planet, ensuring that all people enjoy peace and prosperity by 2030 especially in the face of several quit notices in the country.

 

Posted in Agenda 2030, Leave no one behind, SDGs | Leave a comment

#ACT4SDGs

Commitment without action is simply irresponsibility; that is the reason why all concerned citizens in Nigeria have to call on our leaders to take steps in realizing the commitment they made to Sustainable Development Goals in September 2015.

JoinUsMap

Come Monday 25th September 2017, the whole world will be celebrating second anniversary of SDGs with the message of telling world leaders the need to work towards achieving the Global Agenda by no leaving anyone behind. For the goals to be reached, everyone needs to do their part: governments, the private sector, civil society and people​ ​like​ ​you​ ​and​ ​us​.

Therefore, in your own capacity as an organisation or an individual, register your view on how various governments in Nigeria can realize the SDGs and call for the actions that directly affect you and people who are farthest left behind in development.

In view of the significance of SDGs and in making its second anniversary, SustainableNigeria will organise a road show to mark the anniversary and to tell all stakeholders areas where they are doing well and where more actions are needed.

You can join us if you’re within Federal Capital Territory, Abuja at Unity Fountain by 9am on Monday 25th September, 2017. Let’s propel Nigeria towards sustainable path!

Posted in Agenda 2030, Inclusive development, Leave no one behind, SDGs | Leave a comment